Science Behind Dermatoglyphics
Q1. Where do fingerprints come from? Ans. According to medical research, fingerprints are created before birth. They are formed during the fetal development stage between the 13th to 19th prenatal weeks. Dermatoglyphics Analysis looks at the patterns of these finger prints. Q2. Will fingerprints change? Ans. No, our fingerprints are as invariable as they are unique. Between year 1626 and 1690, Spanish Dr. Marcello Malphigi pioneered the scientific research on fingerprints. He was also the first Professor or anatomy to utilise the microscope to examine fingerprints and record them. In his research, he discovered that individual fingerprints are unique. Later on, dermatoglyphic experts proofed that fingerprints are not only unique, but invariable as well. Currently, the invariability of fingerprints contributes greatly to criminal investigation. Through fingerprints, law enforcers could identify perpetrators with unequivocal accuracy. Q3. What does dermatoglyphics tell us? Ans. Currently, the major goal of dermatoglyphics is to determine an individual’s innate characteristics (which includes personalities and performances). Additionally, Dermatoglyphics Software reveals the innate learning styles, strengths and weaknesses. Dermatoglyphics is also involved in the medical field of research, such as Down Syndrome, psychosis and bipolar disorder. These researches are conducted systematically with sound scientific theories to produce accurate results. Therefore, only professional practitioners can provide reliable information regarding dermatoglyphics and DMIT. On the other hand, some practitioners misused dermatoglyphics and conduct fortune-telling instead of proper analysis. This practice is considered a faux pas as dermatoglyphics is based on genetic research instead of baseless predictions. Consumers are therefore reminded to exercise caution should they encounter practitioners with questionable techniques. DEVELOPMENT OF DERMATOGLYPHICS 1823 John Evangelist Purkinji a professor of anatomy at the University of Breslau, published his thesis researching of fingerprint patterns classification. 1892 Sir Francis Galton A British anthropologist and a cousin of Charles Darwin, He published his book, “Fingerprints”, establishing the individuality and permanence of fingerprints. The book included the first classification system for fingerprints. 1926 Harold Cummins, M.D. aka. the Father of Dermatoglyphics. And C.Midlo, M.D. Studied all aspects of fingerprint analysis, from anthropology to genetics and embryology perspective. 1943 Published book, Finger Prints, Palms and Soles, a bible in the field of dermatoglyphics. 1944 Dr Julius Spier Published The Hands of Children, analysis children’s Psychological personality development using the Dermatoglyphics method and Dermatoglyphics multiple intelligence test. 1968 Sarah Holt Whose own work ‘The Genetics of Dermal Ridges’ published in 1968, summarizes her research in of dermatoglyphics patterns of both the fingers and the palm in various peoples, both normal and congenitally afflicted. 1976 Schaumann and Alter’s Dermatoglyphics in Medical Disorders’ published. Significant investigations have also been carried out into the dermatoglyphics indicators of congenital heart disease, leukaemia, cancer, coeliac disease, intestinal disorders, rubella embryopathy, Alzheimer’s disease, schizophrenia as well as other forms of mental illness. Dermatoglyphics research being directed into genetic research and the diagnosis of chromosomal defects. 70’s USSR Using Dermatoglyphics in selecting the contestant for Olympics. 1980’s China carry out researching work of human potential, intelligence and talents in dermatoglyphics and human genome perspective. 1985 Dr. Chen Yi Mou Phd of Havard University Research Dermatoglyphics based on Multiple Intelligence theory of Dr. Howard Gardner.First apply dermatoglyphics and DMIT to educational fields and brain physiology. 2000’s Dr Stowens, Chief of Pathology at St Luke’s hospital in New York Claims to be able to diagnose schizophrenia and leukaemia with up to a 90% accuracy. In Germany, Dr Alexander Rodewald reports he can pinpoint many congenital abnormalities with a 90% accuracy. 2004 IBMBS-International Behavioral & Medical Biometrics Society Over 7000 report and thesis published. Nowadays the U.S., Japan or China, Taiwan applies dermatoglyphics and Dermatoglyphics multiple intelligence test to educational fields, expecting to improve teaching qualities and raising learning efficiency by knowing various learning styles. A number of DMIT franchise report programs are working in this direction. SCIENTIFIC DATA Since 1823, scientists have discovered that fingerprints and innate intelligences are related. Through medical researches, it is found that fingerprints are formed during the 13th to 19th prenatal week. The neocortex is developed during the same period as well. This principle has been verified by many researchers and it has been published in various literatures as well. According to prime genetics research sector in China, fingerprints are formed during the 13th to 19th prenatal week.Fingerprints are invariable throughout the lifetime, unless some form of disturbances are introduced during the development stage that alter genetic composition. From then onwards, scientists integrated genetics, embryology, dermatoglyphics and neural science with the theory of multiple intelligences. With that, a person’s personality and talents can be analysed and classified accordingly, depending on the dermatoglyphics Analysis. English scientist: fingerprint patterns reflect intelligence According to Sunday Times, several scientist from Barcelona University studied the fingerprints of hundred of students and concluded that fingerprints reflect intelligence. Intellectually disabled people usually have fingerprints that are substantially different than that of a normal person. The scientist discovered that among the hundred of students studied, the intellectually disabled children have fingerprints that have more arches and circular patterns. Besides, their palm prints have more abnormal patterns than their normal counterparts. Scientists commented that the Simian ridge found across the palm is most related to a person’s intellect. Jinzhou family planning research centre achieved new progress on hand print research On the morning of 30th April, Jinzhou family planning research center, with the support from the city board of education have collected hand prints on 850 students from all 8 schools in the city. These students excel in academics, sports, arts and other fields as well. This is a continuation of the center’s similar research on children with special needs and their parents last year. This research will provide families with the theoretical basis of children’s education. Qufu Normal University, Liu HongZhen Qufu 273165. Different DMIT franchise report programs are work gin in this direction. Abstract: This research applies the Combined Ravens Test by Li Dan et al on primary and secondary students ranging from 8 to 13 years old. This test provides us with information regarding their intellect and fingerprint.Multivariate regression, multiple stepwise regression and other related methods were used to analyse the correlation between intellect and fingerprint patterns. Dermatoglyphics Software is generally used to carry out these tests. The results show that intellect and the atd angle, the number of a-b inter-ridge pattern and bow-type pattern yield no significant correlation. Higher level of correlation is detected for Wd, Lr, SC, I3 and I4ridges. With that, the regression equation between Lr, I3 and I4 is deduced and poses huge benefits for subject choices for young children. INTRODUCTION OF DERMATOGLYPHICS Dermatoglyphics is the study of ridged skin patterns (also known as dermatoglyphs) which can be found on fingers, palms, toes and soles. These patterns are formed from the external ectoderm and usually occur during the fetal development stage, 13 to 19 weeks after fertilization. Through research, geneticists have proven that dermatoglyph formations are controlled by chromosomes, and the patterns are influenced by polygenetic inheritance. These genes do not exhibit dominance, and they are very resistant to acquired changes from the environment. Using their morphologies, the patterns can be classified into two categories, namely “ridges” and “furrows”. During the seventh week of pregnancy, vertical thumb creases (thenar contours) begins to appear on the palm of the embryo. Two weeks later, remote and proximal horizontal creases (hypothenar contours) begin to form. Hirsch and Schweicher discovered that prior to the formation of dermatoglyphs, the dermal nerves and blood vessels are arranged in an orderly fashion. This led them to believe that the nervous and vascular systems determine the formation of dermatoglyphs. Consequently, they also established the correlation between the dermatoglyphic patterns and one’s personalities. Dermatoglyphics Analysis works on these patterns to look into the intellectual skills of an individual. From the anatomical point of view, the human hands dominate all other organs in terms of relative importance. This is why the brain dedicates the majority of approximately two hundred million nerve endings to the hands. In other words, the hands are sources of physiological and psychological information waiting to be tapped, hence the increasing importance in the field of dermatoglyphics.